<XML><RECORDS><RECORD><REFERENCE_TYPE>0</REFERENCE_TYPE><REFNUM>7465</REFNUM><AUTHORS><AUTHOR>Chalmers,M.</AUTHOR></AUTHORS><YEAR>2004</YEAR><TITLE>Hermeneutics, Information and Representation</TITLE><PLACE_PUBLISHED>European Journal of Information Systems 13(3) </PLACE_PUBLISHED><PUBLISHER>MacMillan</PUBLISHER><PAGES>210-220</PAGES><ISBN>0960-085X</ISBN><LABEL>Chalmers:2004:7465</LABEL><KEYWORDS><KEYWORD>theory</KEYWORD></KEYWORDS<ABSTRACT>By drawing from semiology, epistemology and philosophical hermeneutics, we discuss the way that computer systems, particularly systems used in collaborative work, represent information, situation and activity. In other words, we focus on approaches to representation in design for computer–supported collaborative work (CSCW). We point out similarities between discourse in hermeneutics and in the anthropology and sociology that predominates in CSCW, and propose that a hermeneutic perspective offers a unifying view on the social science and computer science within CSCW. We discuss formalisation, adaptation, and objectivity in our theories, methodologies and implementations, and offer collaborative filtering and its extension, the path model, as examples of practical approaches to representation that show, support and adapt with activity in a hermeneutic style. </ABSTRACT></RECORD></RECORDS></XML>