<XML><RECORDS><RECORD><REFERENCE_TYPE>3</REFERENCE_TYPE><REFNUM>7559</REFNUM><AUTHORS><AUTHOR>Komolafe,O.</AUTHOR><AUTHOR>Harle,D.</AUTHOR><AUTHOR>Cotter,D.</AUTHOR></AUTHORS><YEAR>2001</YEAR><TITLE>Designing a Multi-Hop Regular Virtual Topology for Ultrafast Optical Packet Switching: Node Placement Optimisation and/or Dilation Minimisation?</TITLE><PLACE_PUBLISHED>in Proceedings of the 2001 Networks and Optical Communications Conference (NOC) in "Long-Haul and Access Networks, Optical Metro and WDM" , A. Lord, D. W. Faulkner, D. W. Smith (Eds.) </PLACE_PUBLISHED><PUBLISHER>IOS Press</PUBLISHER><PAGES>209-216</PAGES><ISBN>1-58603-167-2</ISBN><LABEL>Komolafe:2001:7559</LABEL><KEYWORDS><KEYWORD>regular virtual topology design</KEYWORD></KEYWORDS<ABSTRACT>This paper studies the design of multi-hop regular virtual topologies to facilitate optical packet switching in networks with arbitrary physical topologies. The inputs to the virtual topology design problem are the physical topology, the traffic matrix and the regular topology. In this paper, this problem is tackled directly and also by decomposition into two sub-problems. The first sub-problem, dilation minimisation, uses only the physical topology and the virtual topology as optimisation inputs. The second sub-problem considers the traffic matrix and virtual topology as optimisation inputs. The solutions of these two sub-problems are compared with each other and against the results obtained when the global problem is optimised (using all three possible input parameters) for a variety of traffic scenarios. This gives insight into the key question of whether the physical topology or the traffic matrix is the more important parameter when designing a regular virtual topology for optical packet switching. Regardless of the approach taken the problem is intractable and hence heuristics must be used to find (near) optimal solutions in reasonable time. Five different optimisation heuristics, using different artificial intelligence techniques, are employed in this paper. The results obtained by the heuristics for the three alternative design approaches are compared under a variety of traffic scenarios. An important conclusion of this paper is that the traffic matrix plays a less significant role than is conventionally assumed, and only a marginal penalty is incurred by disregarding it in several of the traffic cases considered. </ABSTRACT></RECORD></RECORDS></XML>