<XML><RECORDS><RECORD><REFERENCE_TYPE>3</REFERENCE_TYPE><REFNUM>7807</REFNUM><AUTHORS><AUTHOR>Johnson,C.W.</AUTHOR></AUTHORS><YEAR>2003</YEAR><TITLE>Newspaper and Online News Reporting of Major Accidents: Coverage in The Sun, The Times and BBC Online of Concorde Flight AFR4590</TITLE><PLACE_PUBLISHED>In C.J. Hayhurst, C.M.Holloway and B. Strauch (eds), Proceddings of the 2nd Workshop on the Investigation and Reporting of Incidents and Accidents, Published as NASA Technical Report NASA/CP-2003-212642 </PLACE_PUBLISHED><PUBLISHER>N/A</PUBLISHER><PAGES>79-98</PAGES><LABEL>Johnson:2003:7807</LABEL><ABSTRACT>Many complaints have recently been made against the media reporting of major accidents (Johnson, 2003). It has been argued that undue emphasis is placed on identifying the immediate causes of any failure, including human error or technical failure, in the hours following an adverse event. In consequence, the public can be misinformed about the complex nature of many technological failures. The following pages present what is arguably the first detailed review of media coverage of a major accident. In particular, we consider the way in which a tabloid newspaper, a broadsheet and an Internet news service covered the loss of Concorde flight AFR4590 in July 2000. Our analysis yields some surprising results. The broadsheet speculates most about the causes of the incident, the tabloid publishes the least. The journalists and editorial staff on these new sources present very few direct hypotheses about the potential causes of this accident. In contrast, the majority of the speculation in the media is presented in the form of direct quotations from experts many of whom criticise undue speculation in the aftermath of such adverse events. This provides at least a partial explanation for the relative amount of speculative material in each of the publications that were studied. Experts may have been more inclined to speculate for the more prestigious broadsheet than they were for the mass-market tabloid publication. Alternatively, it can be argued that the editorial staff on the tabloid focussed their analysis more directly on the facts that were available in the aftermath of this accident. </ABSTRACT></RECORD></RECORDS></XML>