<XML><RECORDS><RECORD><REFERENCE_TYPE>3</REFERENCE_TYPE><REFNUM>8147</REFNUM><AUTHORS><AUTHOR>Johnson,C.W.</AUTHOR><AUTHOR>Holloway,C.M.</AUTHOR></AUTHORS><YEAR>2005</YEAR><TITLE>A Technique for Showing Causal Arguments in Accident Reports</TITLE><PLACE_PUBLISHED>Proceedings of the 23rd International System Safety Conference, 22-26 August 2005, San Diego, California, International Systems Safety Society</PLACE_PUBLISHED><PUBLISHER>N/A</PUBLISHER><LABEL>Johnson:2005:8147</LABEL><KEYWORDS><KEYWORD>Argumentation</KEYWORD></KEYWORDS<ABSTRACT>In the prototypical accident report, specific findings, particularly those related to causes and contributing factors, are usually written out explicitly and clearly. Also, the evidence upon which these findings are based is typically explained in detail. Often lacking, however, is any explicit discussion, description, or depiction of the arguments that connect the findings and the evidence. That is, the reports do not make clear why the investigators believe that the specific evidence they found necessarily leads to the particular findings they enumerated. This paper shows how graphical techniques can be used to depict relevant arguments supporting alternate positions on the causes of a complex road-traffic accident.</ABSTRACT></RECORD></RECORDS></XML>