<XML><RECORDS><RECORD><REFERENCE_TYPE>3</REFERENCE_TYPE><REFNUM>8618</REFNUM><AUTHORS><AUTHOR>Cutts,Q.I.</AUTHOR><AUTHOR>Barnes,D.</AUTHOR><AUTHOR>Bibby,P.</AUTHOR><AUTHOR>Bown,J.</AUTHOR><AUTHOR>Bush,V.</AUTHOR><AUTHOR>Campbell,P.</AUTHOR><AUTHOR>Fincher,S.</AUTHOR><AUTHOR>Jamieson,S.</AUTHOR><AUTHOR>Jenkins,T.</AUTHOR><AUTHOR>Jones,M.</AUTHOR><AUTHOR>Kazakov,D.</AUTHOR><AUTHOR>Lancaster,T.</AUTHOR><AUTHOR>Ratcliffe,M.</AUTHOR><AUTHOR>Seisenberger,M.</AUTHOR><AUTHOR>Shinners-Kennedy,D.</AUTHOR><AUTHOR>Wagstaff,C.</AUTHOR><AUTHOR>White,L.</AUTHOR><AUTHOR>Whyley,C.</AUTHOR></AUTHORS><YEAR>2006</YEAR><TITLE>Laboratory Exams in First Programming Courses</TITLE><PLACE_PUBLISHED>Seventh Annual HEA-ICS Conference</PLACE_PUBLISHED><PUBLISHER>N/A</PUBLISHER><LABEL>Cutts:2006:8618</LABEL><KEYWORDS><KEYWORD>Introductory Programming</KEYWORD></KEYWORDS<ABSTRACT>The use of laboratory examinations to test students' practical programming skills is becoming more common in first programming courses, in particular to counter plagiarism and increase validity. In this paper, we outline and compare 7 such examination techniques used by members of the Disciplinary Commons project. The reliability, validity and scalability of the exams are assessed, highlighting the appropriateness of some methods for particular environments. Implicit costs as well as reported benefits are given.</ABSTRACT></RECORD></RECORDS></XML>