<XML><RECORDS><RECORD><REFERENCE_TYPE>3</REFERENCE_TYPE><REFNUM>8917</REFNUM><AUTHORS><AUTHOR>Hoggan,E.</AUTHOR><AUTHOR>Brewster,S.</AUTHOR></AUTHORS><YEAR>2006</YEAR><TITLE>Mobile Crossmodal Auditory and Tactile Displays</TITLE><PLACE_PUBLISHED>HAID 2007</PLACE_PUBLISHED><PUBLISHER>N/A</PUBLISHER><PAGES>9 - 12</PAGES><LABEL>Hoggan:2006:8917</LABEL><KEYWORDS><KEYWORD>Tactons</KEYWORD></KEYWORDS<ABSTRACT>This paper describes an alternative form of interaction for mobile devices using crossmodal output. These crossmodal displays allow alternative senses such as hearing and touch to be used to perceive information. The aim of our work is to investigate the equivalence of audio and tactile displays so that the same messages can be presented in one form or another. Initial experiments show that rhythm, texture, and spatial location can be perceived as equivalent in both the auditory and tactile modalities.</ABSTRACT><URL>http://www.dcs.gla.ac.uk/~stephen/papers/HAID2006_hoggan.pdf</URL></RECORD></RECORDS></XML>