<XML><RECORDS><RECORD><REFERENCE_TYPE>3</REFERENCE_TYPE><REFNUM>9031</REFNUM><AUTHORS><AUTHOR>Jose,J.M.</AUTHOR></AUTHORS><YEAR>2009</YEAR><TITLE>Temporal Attention Estimation For General Sports Video Highlight Detection</TITLE><PLACE_PUBLISHED>15th International Multimedia Modelling Conference</PLACE_PUBLISHED><PUBLISHER>Springer</PUBLISHER><PAGES>39-52</PAGES><ISBN>978-3-540-77407-5</ISBN><LABEL>Jose:2009:9031</LABEL><KEYWORDS><KEYWORD>highlight detection</KEYWORD></KEYWORDS<ABSTRACT>Attention is a psychological measurement of human reflection against stimulus. We propose a general framework of highlight detection by comparing attention intensity during the watching of sports videos. Three steps are involved: adaptive selection on salient features, unified attention estimation and highlight identification. Adaptive selection computes feature correlation to decide an optimal set of salient features. Unified estimation combines these features by the technique of multi-resolution auto-regressive (MAR) and thus creates a temporal curve of attention intensity. We rank the intensity of attention to discriminate boundaries of highlights. Such a framework alleviates semantic uncertainty around sport highlights and leads to an efficient and effective highlight detection. The advantages are as follows: (1) the capability of using data at coarse temporal resolutions; (2) the robustness against noise caused by modality asynchronism, perception uncertainty and feature mismatch; (3) the employment of Markovian constrains on content presentation, and (4) multi-resolution estimation on attention intensity, which enables the precise allocation of event boundaries.</ABSTRACT></RECORD></RECORDS></XML>