## Curriculum topics

All of the GTotF activities help to develop the core mathematical skills that form the basis of the mathematics curriculum; further details on the relationship to both the National Curriculum in England and the Scottish Curriculum for Excellence are given below.

#### National Curriculum in England

The activities require pupils of all ages to *reason mathematically* and *solve problems*, two of the stated aims of the national curriculum in mathematics. As GTotF provides an unfamiliar setting in which to develop these skills, it may be particularly beneficial for pupils who lack confidence in more familiar mathematical settings. Many of the activities (particularly *Vet vs Mosquito* and *Market Day*) also require pupils to be *fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics* (specifically arithmetic and comparisons), the third stated aim of the national curriculum in mathematics.

At the more advanced level, all of the activities require pupils to *select appropriate concepts, methods and techniques to apply to unfamiliar and non-routine problems* [national curriculum in mathematics, KS3] and *assess the validity of an argument* [national curriculum in mathematics, KS4], as well as *develop and apply their analytic, problem-solving, design and computational thinking skills* [national curriculum in computing, KS4].

#### Scottish Curriculum for Excellence

Four of the key numeracy and mathematical skills in the Scottish Curriculum for Excellence are central to all of the activities: pupils need to *interpret questions*, *select and communicate processes and solutions*, *justify choice of strategy used* and *use mental agility*. Practising these skills with an unfamiliar branch of mathematics may be particularly beneficial for pupils who lack confidence in more familiar mathematical settings.

Introducing a new area of mathematics and exploring its potential applications (both the simplified fictional applications in the activities, and the real-world counterparts described in the "The maths behind..." sections) is very relevant to the Numeracy and Mathematics curriculum topic *Mathematics - its impact on the world, past, present and future*. The activities also involve the Technologies curriculum topic of *Understanding the world through computational thinking*.