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Sound in HCI bibliography

This is the bibliography from Stephen Brewster's PhD thesis. The references are mainly about sound and interface design. It was created in the autumn of 1994. Any reference with 'Brewster' in it can be downloaded from my publication list. For the others you'll have to go to a library!

1. Aldrich, F.K. & Parkin, A.J. (1989). Listening at speed. British journal of visual impairment and blindness, 7(1), pp. 16-18.

2. Allan, J.J. & Chiu, A.M. (1977). An effectiveness study of a CAD system augmented by audio feedback. Computers & Graphics, 2, pp. 321-323.

3. Alty, J. (1991). Multimedia-What is it and how do we exploit it? In D. Diaper & N. Hammond (Eds.), Proceedings of HCI'91, Edinburgh: Cambridge University Press, pp. 31-44.

4. Alty, J.L. & McCartney, C.D.C. (1991). Design of a multi-media presentation system for a process control environment. In Eurographics multimedia workshop, Session 8: Systems, Stockholm.

5. American National Standards Institute (1973). American National Psychoacoustic Terminology (No. S3.20). American National Standards Institute, New York.

6. American Standards Association (1960). Acoustical Terminology (No. S1.1). American Standards Association, New York.

7. Apple Computer Inc. (1985). Chapter Two: The Macintosh User-Interface Guidelines. In Inside Macintosh: Volume I, pp. 23-70. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley.

8. Apple Computer Inc. (1991). Chapter Two: User Interface Guidelines. In Inside Macintosh: Volume IV, pp. 2-3 - 2-37. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley.

9. Arons, B. (1992). A review of the cocktail party effect. Journal of the American Voice I/O Society, 12(July).

10. Avons, S.E., Leiser, R.G. & Carr, D.J. (1989). Paralanguage and human-computer interaction. Part 1: Identification of recorded vocal segregates. Behaviour and Information Technology, 8(1), pp. 21-31.

11. Badeley, A. (1990). Human Memory: Theory and Practice. London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

12. Baecker, R., Small, I. & Mander, R. (1991). Bringing icons to life. In Proceedings of CHI'91, New Orleans: ACM Press, Addison-Wesley, pp. 1-6.

13. Ballas, J.A. & Howard, J.H. (1987). Interpreting the language of environmental sounds. Envirionment and Behaviour, 19(1), pp. 91-114.

14. Barfield, W., Rosenberg, C. & Levasseur, G. (1991). The use of icons, earcons and commands in the design of an online hierarchical menu. IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, 34(2), pp. 101-108.

15. Barker, P.G. & Manji, K.A. (1989). Pictorial dialogue methods. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 31, pp. 323-347.

16. Begault, D.R. & Wenzel, E.M. (1990). Techniques and applications for binaural sound manipulation in human-computer interfaces (NASA Technical Memorandum No. 102279). NASA Ames Research Centre: California.

17. Berger, K.W. (1963). Some factors in the recognition in timbre. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 36(10), pp. 1888-1891.

18. Berglund, B., Preis, A. & Rankin, K. (1990). Relationship between loudness and annoyance for ten community sounds. Environment International, 16, pp. 523-531.

19. Bevan, N. & Macleod, M. (1994). Usability measurement in context. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 13(1 & 2), pp. 123-145.

20. Björk, E.A. (1985). The perceived quality of natural sounds. Acustica, 57(3), pp. 185-188.

21. Blandford, A., Harrison, M. & Barnard, P. (1994). Understanding the properties of interaction. Amodeus 2 ESPRIT basic research action 7044, Project working paper.

22. Blattner, M. & Dannenberg, R.B. (1992). Introduction: The trend toward multimedia interfaces. In M. Blattner & R. B. Dannenberg (Eds.), Multimedia Interface Design, pp. xvii-xxv. New York: ACM Press, Addison-Wesley.

23. Blattner, M. & Dannenberg, R.B. (Eds.). (1992). Multimedia Interface Design. New York: ACM Press, Addison-Wesley.

24. Blattner, M., Greenberg, R.M. & Kamegai, M. (1992). Listening to turbulence: An example of scientific audiolization. In M. Blattner & R. B. Dannenberg (Eds.), Multimedia Interface Design, pp. 87-104. New York: ACM Press, Addison-Wesley.

25. Blattner, M., Sumikawa, D. & Greenberg, R. (1989). Earcons and icons: Their structure and common design principles. Human Computer Interaction, 4(1), pp. 11-44.

26. Blattner, M., Papp, A. & Glinert, E. (1992). Sonic enhancements of two-dimensional graphic displays. In G. Kramer (Ed.), Auditory Display, sonification, audification and auditory interfaces. The Proceedings of the First International Conference on Auditory Display, Santa Fé Institute, Santa Fé: Addison-Wesley, pp. 447-470.

27. Bly, S. (1982). Sound and computer information presentation (Unpublished PhD Thesis No. UCRL53282). Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.

28. Bramwell, C.J. & Harrision, M.D. (1994). Design questions about interactive computer programs. Unpublished paper.

29. Bregman, A. (1992). Foreword. In G. Kramer (Ed.), Auditory display, sonification, audification and auditory interfaces. The Proceedings of the First International Conference on Auditory Display., Santa Fé Institute, Santa Fé: Addison-Wesley, pp. xv - xxi.

30. Bregman, A.S. (1990). Auditory Scene Analysis. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.

31. Brewster, S.A. (1992). Providing a model for the use of sound in user interfaces (Technical Report No. YCS 169). University of York, Department of Computer Science.

32. Brewster, S.A., Wright, P.C. & Edwards, A.D.N. (1992). A detailed investigation into the effectiveness of earcons. In G. Kramer (Ed.), Auditory display, sonification, audification and auditory interfaces. The Proceedings of the First International Conference on Auditory Display, Santa Fé Institute, Santa Fé: Addison-Wesley, pp. 471-498.

33. Brewster, S.A., Wright, P.C. & Edwards, A.D.N. (1993). An evaluation of earcons for use in auditory human-computer interfaces. In S. Ashlund, K. Mullet, A. Henderson, E. Hollnagel, & T. White (Ed.), INTERCHI'93, Amsterdam: ACM Press, Addison-Wesley, pp. 222-227.

34. Brewster, S.A., Wright, P.C. & Edwards, A.D.N. (1993). Parallel earcons: Reducing the length of audio messages. Submitted to the International Journal of Man-Machine Studies.

35. Brewster, S.A., Wright, P.C. & Edwards, A.D.N. (1994). The design and evaluation of an auditory-enhanced scrollbar. In B. Adelson, S. Dumais, & J. Olson (Ed.), Proceedings of CHI'94, Boston, Massachusetts: ACM Press, Addison-Wesley, pp. 173-179.

36. Brown, M.L., Newsome, S.L. & Glinert, E.P. (1989). An experiment into the use of auditory cues to reduce visual workload. In Proceedings of CHI'89, Austin, Texas: ACM Press, Addison-Wesley, pp. 339-346.

37. Burgess, D. (1992). Techniques for low cost spatial audio (Technical Report No. GIT-GVU-92-09). Graphics, Visualization & Usability Centre, Georgia Institute of Technology.

38. Buxton, W. (1989). Introduction to this special issue on nonspeech audio. Human Computer Interaction, 4(1), pp. 1-9.

39. Buxton, W., Gaver, W. & Bly, S. (1991). Tutorial number 8: The use of non-speech audio at the interface. In Proceedings of CHI'91, New Orleans: ACM Press: Addison-Wesley.

40. Byers, J.C., Bittner, A.C. & Hill, S.G. (1989). Traditional and raw task load index (TLX) correlations: Are paired comparisions necessary? In A. Mital (Ed.), Advances in industrial ergonomics, pp. 481-485. Taylor & Francis.

41. Chowning, J. (1975). Synthesis of complex audio spectra by means of frequency modulation. Journal of the Audio Engineering Society, 21(7), pp. 526-534.

42. Cohen, J. (1992). Monitoring background activities. In G. Kramer (Ed.), Auditory Display, sonification, audification and auditory interfaces. The Proceedings of the First International Conference on Auditory Display., Santa Fé Institute, Santa Fé: Addison-Wesley, pp. 499-532.

43. Cohen, J. (1993). "Kirk Here": Using genre sounds to monitor background activity. In S. Ashlund, K. Mullet, A. Henderson, E. Hollnagel, & T. White (Eds.), INTERCHI'93, Adjunct Proceedings Amsterdam: ACM Press, Addison Wesley, pp. 63-64.

44. Cohen, M. (1993). Throwing, pitching and catching sound: Audio windowing models and modes. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 39, pp. 269-304.

45. Cohen, M. & Ludwig, L.F. (1991). Multidimensional audio window management. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 34, pp. 319-336.

46. Colquhoun, W.P. (1975). Evaluation of auditory, visual and dual-mode displays for prolonged sonar monitoring tasks. Human Factors, 17, pp. 425-437.

47. Corcoran, D., Carpenter, A., Webster, J. & Woodhead, M. (1968). Comparison of training techniques for complex sound identification. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 44, pp. 157-167.

48. Deatherage, B.H. (1972). Auditory and other forms of information presentation. In H. P. Van Cott & R. G. Kinkade (Eds.), Human engineering guide to equipment design, pp. 123-160. Washington D.C.: U.S. Government printing office.

49. Deutsch, D. (1980). The processing of structured and unstructured tonal sequences. Perception and Psychophysics, 28(5), pp. 381-389.

50. Deutsch, D. (1982). Psychology of music. London: Academic Press.

51. Deutsch, D. (1983). Auditory illusions, handedness and the spatial environment. Journal of the Audio Engineering Society, 31(9), pp. 607-620.

52. Deutsch, D. (1986). Auditory pattern recognition. In K. R. Boff, L. Kaufman, & P. Thomas (Eds.), Handbook of perception and human performance, pp. 32.1-32.49. New York: Wiley.

53. Dewar, K.M., Cuddy, L.L. & Mewhort, D.J. (1977). Recognition of single tones with and without context. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 3(1), pp. 60-67.

54. DiGiano, C.J. (1992) Visualizing Program Behavior Using Non-speech Audio. MSc. Thesis, Department of Computer Science, University of Toronto.

55. DiGiano, C.J. & Baecker, R.M. (1992). Program Auralization: Sound Enhancements to the Programming Environment. In Proceedings of Graphics Interface'92, pp. 44-52.

56. DiGiano, C.J., Baecker, R.M. & Owen, R.N. (1993). LogoMedia: A sound-enhanced programming environment for monitoring program behaviour. In S. Ashlund, K. Mullet, A. Henderson, E. Hollnagel, & T. White (Ed.), INTERCHI'93, Amsterdam: ACM Press, Addison-Wesley, pp. 301-302.

57. Dix, A., Finlay, J., Abowd, G. & Beale, R. (1993). Chapter 9.4 Status/Event Analysis. In Human-Computer Interaction, pp. 325-334. London: Prentice-Hall.

58. Dix, A., Finlay, J., Abowd, G. & Beale, R. (1993). Human-Computer Interaction. London: Prentice-Hall.

59. Dix, A.J. (1991). Chapter 10: Events and Status. In Formal Methods for Interactive Systems, pp. 239-270. London: Academic Press.

60. Dix, A.J. (1992). Beyond the Interface. In Proceedings of IFIP TC2/WG2.7 Working Conference on Engineering for Human-Computer Interaction,10-14 August 1992, Ellivuori, Finland.

61. Dix, A.J. & Brewster, S.A. (1994). Causing trouble with buttons. In Ancilliary Proceedings of HCI'94, Sterling, UK: Cambridge University Press.

62. Edwards, A.D.N. (1987) Adapting user interfaces for visually disabled users. PhD Thesis, Open University, Milton Keynes.

63. Edwards, A.D.N. (1989). Soundtrack: An auditory interface for blind users. Human Computer Interaction, 4(1), pp. 45-66.

64. Edworthy, J., Loxley, S. & Dennis, I. (1991). Improving auditory warning design: Relationships between warning sound parameters and perceived urgency. Human Factors, 33(2), pp. 205-231.

65. Edworthy, J., Loxley, S., Geelhoed, E. & Dennis, I. (1989). The perceived urgency of auditory warnings. Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics, 11(5), pp. 73-80.

66. European Telecommunications Standards Institute (1992). Guidelines for the specification of tones (Technical Report No. HF Temp. Doc. 10, Annex 6.). European Telecommunications Standards Institute.

67. European Telecommunications Standards Institute (1992). Human Factors (HF); Specification of characteristics of telephone services tones when locally generated in terminals (Draft ETS 300 295 No. DE/HF-1003-B). European Telecommunications Standards Institute.

68. Fitch, W.T. & Kramer, G. (1992). Sonifying the body electric: Superiority of an auditory over a visual display in a complex, multivariate system. In G. Kramer (Ed.), Auditory Display, sonification, audification and auditory interfaces. The Proceedings of the First International Conference on Auditory Display, Santa Fé Institute, Santa Fé: Addison-Wesley, pp. 307-326.

69. Foster, S.H., Wenzel, E.M. & Taylor, R.M. (1991). Real-time synthesis of complex acoustic environments. In IEEE workshop on applications of signal processing to audio & acoustics, Oct. 20-23, New Paltz, N.Y.

70. Fraisse, P. (1981). Multisensory aspects of rhythm. In R. D. Walk & H. L. Pick (Eds.), Intersensory Perception and Sensory-Integration, pp. 217-245. New York: Plenum Press.

71. Fraisse, P. (1982). Rhythm and tempo. In D. Deutsch (Ed.), The psychology of music, pp. 149-180. San Diego, CA.: Academic Press.

72. Frysinger, S.P. (1990). Applied research in auditory data representation. In D. Farrell (Ed.), Extracting meaning from complex data: processing, display, interaction. Proceedings of the SPIE/SPSE symposium on electronic imaging. 1259 Springfield, VA.: SPIE, pp. 130-139.

73. Gaver, W. (1986). Auditory Icons: Using sound in computer interfaces. Human Computer Interaction, 2(2), pp. 167-177.

74. Gaver, W. (1989). The SonicFinder: An interface that uses auditory icons. Human Computer Interaction, 4(1), pp. 67-94.

75. Gaver, W. (1992). Using and creating auditory icons. In G. Kramer (Ed.), Auditory Display, sonification, audification and auditory interfaces. The Proceedings of the First International Conference on Auditory Display, Santa Fé Institute, Santa Fé: Addison-Wesley, pp. 417-446.

76. Gaver, W. (1993). Synthesizing auditory icons. In S. Ashlund, K. Mullet, A. Henderson, E. Hollnagel, & T. White (Ed.), INTERCHI'93, Amsterdam: ACM Press, Addison-Wesley, pp. 228-235.

77. Gaver, W., Moran, T., MacLean, A., Lövstrand, L., Dourish, P., Carter, K. & Buxton, W. (1992). Realizing a video environment: EuroParc's RAVE system. In P. Bauersfeld, J. Bennett, & G. Lynch (Eds.), Proceedings of CHI'92, Monterey, California: ACM Press, Addison-Wesley, pp. 27-35.

78. Gaver, W. & Smith, R. (1990). Auditory icons in large-scale collaborative environments. In D. Diaper, D. Gilmore, G. Cockton, & B. Shackel (Eds.), Human Computer Interaction: Interact'90, Cambridge, UK: Elsevier Science Publishers B.V. (North Holland), pp. 735-740.

79. Gaver, W., Smith, R. & O'Shea, T. (1991). Effective sounds in complex systems: The ARKola simulation. In S. Robertson, G. Olson, & J. Olson (Eds.), Proceedings of CHI'91, New Orleans: ACM Press, Addison-Wesley, pp. 85-90.

80. Gelfand, S.A. (1981). Hearing: An introduction to psychological and physiological acoustics. New York: Marcel Dekker Inc.

81. Gerhing, B. & Morgan, D. (1990). Applications of Binaural Sound in the Cockpit. Speech Technology, 5(2), pp. 46-50.

82. Gerth, J.M. (1992) Performance based refinement of a synthetic auditory ambience: identifying and discriminating auditory sources. PhD. Thesis, Georgia Institute of Technology.

83. Gleitman, H. (1981). Psychology. New York: W. W. Norton & Co.

84. Glinert, E. & Blattner, M. (1992). Programming the multimodal interface. In ACM MultiMedia'93: ACM Press, Addison-Wesley, pp. 189-197.

85. Gravetter, F.J. & Wallnau, L.B. (1985). Statistics for the behavioural sciences (2nd ed.). St Paul, MN.: West Publishing Company.

86. Grey, J.M. (1977). Multidimensional perceptual scaling of musical timbres. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 61(5), pp. 1270-1277.

87. Grey, J.M. & Gordon, J.W. (1978). Perceptual effects of spectral modifications on musical timbres. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 63(5), pp. 1493-1500.

88. Handel, S. (1989). Listening: An introduction to the perception of auditory events. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.

89. Hapeshi, K. & Jones, D. (1992). Interactive multimedia for instruction: A cognitive analysis of the role of audition and vision. International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction, 4(1), pp. 79-99.

90. Harrison, M. & Barnard, P. (1993). On defining requirements for interaction. In Proceedings of the IEEE International Workshop on requirements engineering, pp. 50-54. New York: IEEE.

91. Hart, S. & Staveland, L. (1988). Development of NASA-TLX (Task Load Index): Results of empirical and theoretical research. In P. Hancock & N. Meshkati (Eds.), Human mental workload, pp. 139-183. Amsterdam: North Holland B.V.

92. Hart, S.G. & Wickens, C. (1990). Workload assessment and prediction. In H. R. Booher (Ed.), MANPRINT, an approach to systems integration, pp. 257-296. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

93. Hartson, H. & Gray, P. (1992). Temporal aspects of tasks in the User Action Notation. Human-Computer Interaction, 7, pp. 1-45.

94. Hartson, H.R., Siochi, A.C. & Hix, D. (1990). The UAN: A user-oriented representation for direct manipulation interface designs. ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 8(3), pp. 181-203.

95. Hoare, C.A.R. (1985). Communicating sequential processes. Exeter, UK: Prentice-Hall International.

96. Iverson, W. (1992). The sound of science. Computer Graphics World, 15(1), pp. 54-62.

97. Johnson, J. (1990). Modes in Non-Computer Devices. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 32(4), pp. 423-438.

98. Johnson, J. & Engelbeck, G. (1989). Modes Survey Results. ACM SIGCHI Bulletin, 20(4), pp. 38-50.

99. Jones, D. (1989). The Sonic Interface. In M. Smith & G. Salvendy (Eds.), Work with computers: Organizational, Management, Stress and health aspects,. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science publishers.

100. Jones, S.D. & Furner, S.M. (1989). The construction of audio icons and information cues for human-computer dialogues. In T. Megaw (Ed.), Contemporary Ergonomics: Proceedings of the Ergonomics Society's 1989 Annual Conference, Reading, UK: Taylor & Francis, pp. 436-441.

101. Kishi, N. (1992). SimUI: Graphical user interface evaluation using playback. In Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual International Computer Software & Applications Conference, Chicago, Illinois: IEEE Computer Society, pp. 121-127.

102. Kramer, G. (Ed.). (1992). Auditory display, sonification, audification and auditory interfaces. The Proceedings of the First International Conference on Auditory Display. Reading, Massachusetts: Santa Fé Institute, Addison-Wesley.

103. Kramer, G. (1992). An introduction to auditory display. In G. Kramer (Ed.), Auditory Display, sonification, audification and auditory interfaces. The Proceedings of the First International Conference on Auditory Display, Santa Fé Institute, Santa Fé: Addison-Wesley, pp. 1-77.

104. Kramer, G. (1992). Some organizing principles for representing data with sound. In G. Kramer (Ed.), Auditory Display, sonification, audification and auditory interfaces. The Proceedings of the First International Conference on Auditory Display, Santa Fé Institute, Santa Fé: Addison-Wesley, pp. 185-222.

105. Lee, W.O. (1992). The effects of skill development and feedback on action slips. In A. Monk, D. Diaper, & M. D. Harrison (Eds.), Proceedings of HCI'92, VII York, UK: Cambridge University Press, pp. 73-86.

106. Leiser, R., Avons, S. & Carr, D. (1989). Paralanguage and human-computer interaction. Part 2: Comprehension of synthesised vocal segregates. Behaviour and Information Technology, 8(1), pp. 23-32.

107. Lerdahl, F. (1987). Timbral hierarchies. Contemporary Music Review, 2(1), pp 135-160.

108. Levitt, H. & Voroba, B. (1974). Localization. In S. E. Gerber (Ed.), Introductory Hearing Science: physical and physiological concepts, pp. 188-196. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company.

109. Loveless, N.E., Brebner, J. & Hamilton, P. (1970). Bisensory presentation of information. Psychological Bulletin, 73(3), pp. 161-199.

110. Loy, G. (1985). Musicians make a standard: The MIDI phenomenon. Computer Music Journal, 9(4), pp. 8-26.

111. Lucas, P. (1994). An evaluation of the communicative ability of auditory icons and earcons. In G. Kramer (Ed.), Accepted for publication in the proceedings of ICAD'94, Santa Fé Institute, Santa Fé, NM.: Addison-Wesley.

112. Ludwig, L.F., Pincever, N. & Cohen, M. (1990). Extending the notion of a window system to audio. IEEE Computer, August, pp. 66-72.

113. Mansur, D.L., Blattner, M. & Joy, K. (1985). Sound-Graphs: A numerical data analysis method for the blind. Journal of Medical Systems, 9, pp. 163-174.

114. Matoba, H., Hirabayashi, F. & Kasahara, Y. (1989). Issues in auditory interfaces management: An extra channel for computer applications. In M. Smith & G. Salvendy (Eds.), Work with Computers: Organizational, Management, Stress and health aspects,. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science publishers.

115. Mayes, T. (1992). The `M' word: Multimedia interfaces and their role in interactive learning systems. In A. D. N. Edwards & S. Holland (Eds.), Multimedia Interface Design in Education, pp. 1-22. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

116. McCormick, E.J. & Sanders, M.S. (1982). Human factors in engineering and design (5th ed.). McGraw-Hill.

117. Monk, A. (1986). Mode Errors: A user-centered analysis and some preventative measures using keying-contingent sound. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 24, pp. 313-327.

118. Moore, B.C. (1989). An Introduction to the Psychology of Hearing (2nd ed.). London: Academic Press.

119. Mountford, S.J. & Gaver, W. (1990). Talking and listening to computers. In B. Laurel (Ed.), The art of human-computer interface design, pp. 319-334. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley.

120. Myers, B. (1990). All the widgets. ACM SIGRAPH Video Review, CHI'90 Special Issue(57).

121. Mynatt, E.D. (1992). Auditory presentation of graphical user interfaces. In G. Kramer (Ed.), Auditory Display, sonification, audification and auditory interfaces. The Proceedings of the First International Conference on Auditory Display, Santa Fé Institute, Santa Fé: Addison-Wesley, pp. 533-555.

122. NASA Human Performance Research Group (1987). Task Load Index (NASA-TLX) v1.0 computerised version. NASA Ames Research Centre.

123. Norman, D.A. (1986). Chapter 3: Cognitive Engineering. In D. A. Norman & S. W. Draper (Eds.), User-centered system design, pp. 31-61. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

124. Norman, D.A. (1988). The psychology of everyday things. USA: Basic Books.

125. O'Leary, A. & Rhodes, G. (1984). Cross-modal effects on visual and auditory object perception. Perception and Psychophysics, 35(6), pp. 565-569.

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128. Patterson, R.D. (1982). Guidelines for auditory warning systems on civil aircraft (CAA Paper No. 82017). Civil Aviation Authority, London.

129. Patterson, R.D. (1989). Guidelines for the design of auditory warning sounds. Proceeding of the Institute of Acoustics, Spring Conference, 11(5), pp. 17-24.

130. Patterson, R.D. (1990). Auditory warning sounds in the work environment. In D. E. Broadbent, A. Baddeley, & J. T. Reason (Eds.), Human Factors in Hazardous Situations. Phil. Trans. B 327, pp. 485-492. London: The Royal Society.

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134. Pitt, I. & Edwards, A. (1991). Navigating the interface by sound for blind users. In D. Diaper & N. Hammond (Eds.), Proceedings of HCI'91, VI Edinburgh: Cambridge University Press, pp. 373-383.

135. Plomp, R. (1976). Chapter 6: Timbre of complex tones. In Aspects of tone sensation, pp. 85-110. London: Academic Press.

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138. Rasch, R.A. & Plomp, R. (1982). The perception of musical tones. In D. Deutsch (Ed.), The Psychology of Music, pp. 1-21. New York: Academic Press.

139. Rayner, K. & Pollatsek, A. (1989). The Psychology of Reading. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall International, Inc.

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142. Reich, S.S. (1980). Significance of pauses for speech perception. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 9(4), pp. 379-389.

143. Reichman, R. (1986). Chapter 14: Communications paradigms for a window system. In D. A. Norman & S. W. Draper (Eds.), User-Centered System Design, pp. 285-314. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

144. Robson, C. (1994). Experiment, design and statistics in psychology (3rd ed.). London: Penguin Books Ltd.

145. Rosenberg, K. (1990). Statistics for behavioural sciences. Dubuque, IA.: Wm. C. Brown Publishers.

146. Sakamoto, N., Gotoh, T. & Kimaura, Y. (1976). On `out of head localization' in headphone listening. Journal of the Acoustic Engineering Society, 24(9), pp. 710-716.

147. Scharf, B. & Houtsma, A.J. (1986). Audition II: Loudness, pitch, localization, aural distortion and pathology. In K. R. Boff, L. Kaufman, & P. Thomas (Eds.), Handbook of perception and human performance, pp. 15.1-15.60. New York: Wiley.

148. Scholes, P.A. (1975). The oxford companion to music (10th ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

149. Scott, D. (1993). Status conspicuity, peripheral vision and text editing. Behaviour and Information Technology, 12(1), pp. 23-31.

150. Scott, D. & Findlay, J.M. (1991). Optimum display arrangements for presenting status information. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 35, pp. 399-407.

151. Sellen, A., Kurtenbach, G. & Buxton, W. (1992). The prevention of mode errors through sensory feedback. Human Computer Interaction, 7, pp. 141-164.

152. Sellen, A.J., Kurtenbach, G.P. & Buxton, W. (1990). The role of visual and kinesthetic feedback in the prevention of mode errors. In D. Diaper, D. Gilmore, G. Cockton, & B. Shackel (Eds.), Human Computer Interaction: Interact'90, Cambridge, UK: Elsevier Science Publishers B.V. (North Holland), pp. 667-673.

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