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Research

My research interests are mainly in the field of programming languages and parallel architectures such as FPGAs, manycore processors and GPGPUs.

Currently, we are working with the following hardware platforms:

High-level FPGA programming research

Exploiting Parallelism through Type Transformations for Hybrid Manycore Systems (TyTra)

TyTra logo

This collaborative 5-year EPSRC project aims to build compilers for heterogeneous platforms, including FPGAs, using multi-party session types for compiler-based program transformations. See the TyTra project web site for more info.

A high-level presentation about FPGAs for HPC:

On the Capability and Achievable Performance of FPGAs for HPC Applications

TyTra in the News

FPGAs Held Back in HPC, But Hope on the Horizon

The MORA Soft Processor Array

MORA logo

The MORA project is a collaboration with Prof. Martin Margala at University of Massachusetts Lowell, aiming to develop a coarse-grained reconfigurable architecture for multimedia applications. My contribution to the project is the programming model and a novel low-level language to program the architecture; the hardware design and implementation is done by our student Sai Rahul Chalamalsetti. Our collaboration has already lead to several publications (ERSA09, AHS09, FPL09).

One objective of this research is to create a soft core version of MORA optimised for FPGAs. We have developped a complete tool chain which converts programs written in C++ via compilation into the MORA assembly language into an FPGA bitstream. Our findings have been published at ASAP2010 and HPCS2011.

Slides from the seminar on MORA (UMass Lowell 15 Nov 2011, Glasgow 23 Nov 2011)

MORA in the News

For our latest paper we implemented a high-throughput DCT algorithm, using over a 1000 processors.

Our Parallel Programming Talk on Intel Software Network TV (April 2011):

Scientists squeeze more than 1,000 cores on to computer chip

New chip to make computers 'faster and greener'

Glasgow Scientists Build 1000-Core PC Processing Chip

Academics develop super-fast 1,000 core FPGA chip

"Greener Search": Accelerating Information Retrieval using FPGAs

Our current work focuses on the use of high-level programming solutions such as OpenCL to ease the implementation of "Greener Search" applications.

A very informal talk about FPGAs for Greener Search

Greener Search projects

Over the summer of 2011 we worked with HP on a FPGA-accelerated document filtering application which updated our previous work both in therms of the design and the FPGA hardware (GiDEL PROCStar-IV). The work was published in the International Journal of Reconfigurable Computing and at ISPASS-2012, IEEE International Symposium on Performance Analysis of Systems and Software (© 2012 IEEE).

As part of an EPSRC-KTA project, we are working on an FPGA-accelerated text classification application that can be used e.g. for spam filtering at 10Gb/s line rates.

The FPGA4IR project, a collaboration with Dr Leif Azzopardi of the DCS IR group, aims at developing high-performance FPGA-accelerated Information Retrieval solutions. FPGAs can speed up IR algorithms significantly by exploiting the inherent parallelism.

For this project, sponsored by Matrixware, we use the SGI RC100 FPGA board connected to an SGI Altix 4700 NUMA machine (80 Itanium cores, 320GB memory). For programming the FPGAs we us Mitrion-C, a high-level language developped by Mitrionics.

We have demonstrated order-of-magnitude speed-ups for IR algorithms implemented on the RC100 compared to the same algorithms running on the Itanium. However, the FPGAs consume only a fraction of the power of an Itanium processor (4W compared to 80W). Clearly, FPGA implementations of IR algoritms could make search a lot greener.

The results of this work have been presented at the Information Retrieval Facility Symposium (IRFS 2008) in Vienna, the SIGIR09 conference in Boston and the FPL09 conference in Prague. The papers are here: SIGIR09 (© 2009 ACM), FPL09 (© 2009 IEEE)

Novo-G logo

To take this work to the next level and demonstrate the capabilities of FPGA-based reconfigurable computing in terms of performance and scalability, we are currently working on implementing IR applications on the Novo-G machine, the world's most powerful reconfigurable supercomputer for research.

Greener Search in the News

UoG Research News 31/08/2009

Matrixware Press Release 09/02/2009

Xilinx XCell Journal Article Feb 2010

GPU and multicore programming research

Weather and Climate Modelling

In collaboration with Prof Saji Hameed of the University of Aizu we are working on GPU- and multicore acceleration of weather simulations. Our long-term goal is to port the Weather Research & Forecasting Model (WRF) to OpenCL. Our current efforts focus on the FLEXPART-WRF model, a Lagrangian Particle Dispersion Model which is used to model e.g. dispersion of particles from the Icelandic volancoes. We have succesfully ported Flexpart to OpenCL and published the result at IWOCL'14.

We have created a dedicated refactoring tool for the FORTRAN source , translate the critical portion to C and then port the C code to OpenCL. The first stage, the FORTRAN refactoring tool, is already usable. For FORTRAN-to-C translation we plan to use NOAA's F2C-ACC with a custom postprocessor. The source code for this project is available on GitHub.

Particle Physics Modelling

The aim of this work (in collaboration with Prof David Ireland and his PhD student Stefanie Lewis) is to accelerate a Nested Sampling Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithm on GPUs. The MCMC is used to find the optimal parameters for a complex particle physics model based on measured data. The source code for this project is available on GitHub.

Accelerating Search Algorithms

Although we have demonstrated the potential of FPGAs for acceleration information retrieval tasks, GPUs are also good candidates for this type of work. This is an internal project to create an OpenCL kernel for document filtering.

Last modified: Tue 18 Aug 2015 17:13:30 BST Wim.Vanderbauwhede@glasgow.ac.uk